Types of Pond Construction

In the past years, there has been a huge increase in demand for ponds. Ponds are able to spice up the look of any land and are seen all over the world. So, knowing the types of pond construction is very important.types of pond construction

Ponds contain various uses including being a water source for recreation, energy conservation, fire protection, landscape developments, and field spraying. Ponds are, therefore, essential in various fields.

To understand various types of ponds and the way they are constructed, take your time in reading the information below.


  1.     Embankment Pond

Types of Pond Construction

This is a type of pond that is mostly built-in terrains with steep to gentle slopes. 

The pond is constructed by the formation of a dam in between the hillside to help in collecting and holding runoff. 

They are also built in a place that is across a stream whereby the valley is regarded as deep enough for the storage of water. 

This is because it will involve a free-flowing water source. Embarkment ponds are at most times ending up washing out.


  1.     A dugout or Excavated Pond

Types of Pond Construction

If the necessity for the dam requires less water supply, you must consider building a pit in a suitable area. 

As the term is stating, an excavated pond is made through the removal of soil and afterward filling the area with water. 

Water sources of this kind will be including groundwater and springs. 

The pond’s depth will be depending on the water level, which is desired. This kind is seeming to look more artificial than the first kind, and also its size is limited. 

However, this kind of pond is more known and accessible compared to the first kind of pond. 

The first one is less popular, mainly because its size is usually limited. 

Dugout pond is containing less maintenance cost, safer from damages resulting from floods and has strong compactness.


Types of Pond Construction

After understanding more of the main types of pond construction, there is a need of discussing the basic things to consider in pond construction.



If the pond under construction is located in an area that is moderate or having a terrain that is steep, more work will be required, especially when a lot of water needs to be stored. 

The enclosure of water from other sources and streams will be the best method rather than digging a pond. 

A five or even more feet of the present valley will end up being constructed the present watercourse which will be storing the water runoff as the water will be flowing. 

The smaller streams are preferred more since they end up giving more advantages such as:

  1.     Flow which is enough in filling the pond
  2.     Prevention of flooding the pond
  3.     Silt load, which is less, is carried away, especially during flooding periods.


The best precaution to put is by use of stream since the water source will be containing water which will be having an inlet pipe to allow screening or closing when needed. 

This will end up providing siltation and fish control which is a nuisance. 

Moreover, it is even better constructing the pond, which is joint with the stream.



In locations where there are high evaporation and insufficient water, digging the soil and water filling it is the most appropriate method of constructing a pond. 

There are two major types of water sources for ponds gotten through the excavation method.


  1.     Surface flow

It is usually built using well-drained and flat areas. 

This kind of pond will be formed almost near the drainage in a place where runoff will end up being sent to the pond. 

Water which is in excess will be getting through using a regular drainage path.


  1.     Ground Water

Water coming from the ground will be capable of supporting aquatic living things. It is regarded as better for a pond to be close to the water source in the ground for transferring easily. 

Groundwater might also be containing minerals that are beneficial to the built pond. 

Construction of a pond requires careful site planning, purpose, and facilities. 

Either stream-enclosed or dugout, there is the necessity of knowing the various considerations.


Other Pond Construction Types

 Flexible Liners Pond

Other Pond Construction Types

Liners are a cost-effective and accessible way of constructing a garden pool. They are coming in a varying range of sizes and materials and will be allowing you to construct a pond of any shape. 

I have written an article talking about the best pond liners if you’re interested.

Always note that the guarantee from manufacturers will not be including punctures. 

Therefore there is a need for being keen to ensure you are installing it in the right way using underlay good quality. There are various types of and available liners. 

The markets are stocking significant ranges from heavy-duty liners to budget. 

All are liners that are of high quality and are also offering a long life. 

Budget liners are ideal for pools that are smaller and more straightforward and in conditions where they ought to be durable.


 Preformed Ponds

Other Pond Construction Types

Preformed ponds are made using fiberglass and plastic. They are coming in a big range of sizes and shapes. They are highly durable and are also widely known. 

When they are installed, they end up getting a smooth surface which is containing creases. 

Never be misled towards buying one which is small for personal requirements. 

They are looking much bigger when out of the ground more than when they have been installed. 

You will be capable of seeing illustrations of preformed pools from these installed in centers and those out of the ground. 

They will, therefore, be giving you the ideal difference in the pond scale.


Concrete Construction

This is the method that is least known. The technique might end up being more expensive compared to the other methods. 

Foundations must be reinforced and solid to avoid cracking when the subsoil is shifting in the year’s course. 

Once it is rendered, the pool will then be painted with a least of two coats of pond paint.


Benefits of Ponds

  1.     Conservation of Water

Water features and ponds are recirculating water thus making them a good option for landscaping in water conservation. 

When a given pond gets filled up, the owners of the pond will need to top off the filled pond occasionally. 

Flowering, shrubs, and plants having a basement in soil shall be requiring constant watering. 

This will end up, resulting in the house water increasing dramatically. 

When it rains heavily, water gardens and ponds end up watering themselves, and through this, you will be able to save your pond water. 

Lawns are much more difficult to maintain, especially in dry seasons as they will need a lot of water whereas, in the case of ponds, rainwater will be enough to refill them. 

Maintenance of a green lawn will be requiring water, otherwise, it may end up losing color and becoming brown. 

Homeowners are therefore spending hours which are countless and many gallons of water every year in lawns watering. 

Pond water may also be used in watering plants present in the garden; thus water will be conserved by the elimination of garden hose use. 

Ensure you water all the surrounding plants and trees all over the yard, to make everything grow and stay healthy year-round.

It may be hard finding a medium lawn at low costs which are conserving water while at the same time maintaining a beautiful garden. 

However, owning your pond will assist you in accomplishing all three things.


  1.     Supporting Local Wildlife

For many years, owners of ponds have been considering adding fish such as goldfish and Koi in their pond. 

Water gardens and ponds also end up attracting other creatures providing a breeding sanctuary. 

Frogs, for instance, gather in the constructed pond as it will be providing shelter for it to reproduce there during summer and spring season. 

Adult toads have many benefits to one’s garden as they will be feeding on insects that would otherwise destroy plants.