Last Updated on December 31, 2019 by Aiden Lindow

How To Grow Plants In A Pond

Here, you’ll learn exactly how to grow plants in a pond.

Growing healthy ponds requires some knowledge from those who have a horticulture background. How To Grow Plants In A Pond

In fact, for those who are experts in building them in their professional career or as a hobby, the results are a balanced ecosystem and a place of tranquility.

Pond developments take a special kind of combination of aquatic life, plant life, landscape techniques, and some natural clean water.

(It helps to have the ‘kit’ or  water aeration and purification supplies.)

In fact, for those who have been doing it for years, the water quality is the trade secret.

The main elements are to have a vast amount of knowledge in plants and ponds.

Naturally, learning about these basic ones that will speed up your momentum.

This means the entire eco-system should develop in unison with the aquatic and plant life.

Especially if they’re going to be sharing the same pond! Avoid building up a dirty pond since this commonly takes place when homeowners or business owners neglect it.

With that said, do not neglect the water; nor the fish (if you so choose to add them).

Nevertheless, keeping up with the water cleaning system is the primary way to care for your pond’s longevity.

Besides, a clean pond will help you keep unwanted critters (i.e. snakes, mosquito mosques) OUT!


Plants whisper softly

Garden ponds have soothing sounds when near it. Along with a healthy water filtration, colorful looking plants and florae can have a lasting lifetime effect.

In ancient times, people would bathe in them regardless of the aquatic or plant-life around them. To this day, swimming in a pond is a peaceful and soothing pastime.

Ponds are in again! Actually, without the plants, it really isn’t a pond, to say the least.  There are hundreds and hundreds of species which you can use in or around your man-made pond; without them, your pond wouldn’t thrive.

All in all, learning about what types of plants along with the weather zones and climates can suit them best will help indefinitely.

For those who are planning a garden pond, or a pond in general, it can be a challenge.

Again, if you have no idea what kinds of plant life you need for it or should invest in, you will once you finish reading this article.

In fact, you will at least know the basics of what plants you should grow in your pond.

In general, having them are key to a thriving, healthy pond. Most homeowners or business owners who have built them on their property will agree.

With this in mind, taking care of them in your own backyard can add character and a visual-only seen in Ancient and Modern landscape paintings.

Backdropped within the foliage are dim solar lights, colorful water lilies, frogs and dragonflies overlook it, it makes them feel part of nature.

In fact, you can almost visualize a dragonfly or frog on a large waterlily or a hyacinth floating around the pond.

Some other things around the pond normally in this “vision” are a cast of small boulders atop each-other lining around the pond.

Amongst them, the chunks of rocks inside the pond or both, around the pond AND inside the pond.


Purpose Of A Pond With Plants

In general, when plants are growing in a pond, they should serve a purpose.

Some are there to provide shade. Whereas there are others that provide a form of algae.

In other cases, there is some plant life that is there to simply make the pond look pretty!

Only because you can’t simply throw a rose in there and expect it to just grow!

There are some ponds that have other elements to it.

This one has a small bridge connecting one part of the pond to the other side.

And, because of the depth, width, and length the property owners wanted, it works well for the entire pond because of the natural surroundings it displays for the visitors of the area.

In fact, anyone who has been to Japan would want to venture to these types of mystical garden ponds with plants all around.

They look amazing because of the colors, the aesthetics to the entire formation of how they are placed around the ponds and because of this, it’s the main reason why visitors adore venturing to these faraway places.

Travelers will venture out thousands of miles simply to experience the wonders of such aquatic life around the ponds, man-made or not.

For instance, some of the most recognized plants in the ponds have to be the lily pads.


Lily pads

The best-known element of lily pads is that is atop of a pond to protect what is underneath the water.

In other words, they act as a form of shade. (They also help fish nestled their eggs for spawning season underneath them).


The Basics Of Plants For Ponds

When you have balanced ecosystems such as this, it becomes the pinnacle point for achieving a wonderfully balanced “ecosystem pond.”

It is important to add water gardening plants for the plain beauty of the garden pond.

Adding colorful water lilies are always a huge choice for pond lovers.

Most importantly, they help balance the pond’s ecosystem and provide valuable biological filtration that removes nitrogen, ammonia, nitrates and other minerals from pond water.

I like to use this pond water test kit, it tests for ammonia, pH, nitrates, nitrites, and phosphates, which are necessary to make sure your pond is in check.

All in all, these excess nutrients are often the cause of unsightly water conditions.

The end result helps to minimize pond maintenance, leaving more time to enjoy your pond.

Without aquatic plants, your pond would not be able to function as a complete ecosystem. The most common plants for thriving ponds


Best Plants For A Pond

Using the best plants for a pond ensures you get the best survival rate and will also provide a healthy habitat for aquatic life.

Compete for the same nutrients as aquatic life so balancing is critical especially algae.

Knowing how to grow plants in a pond is key, especially if you choose the right ones.

So, here’s a list of the best plants for a pond, some you may apply and some you may not.

But that’s what lists are for 😉


Red Water Lily

Best Plants For A Pond

The Red Water Lily is a welcome plant for a small pond.

It reaps color and vibrancy. Energy and life are the representation of this particular plant.

Plants in a garden pond have to have this one!

In general, when you plant this one, you want to plant it in a pot.

This done by placing soil in a pot first halfway and then into a form of a half a mound.

When you plant them, lay more soil over and sides. Then plug in fertilizer tablets of your choice into the mud.

Then, you should place the water lily. Allow roots of the lily to go beneath and over the mound.

Now you can add more mud ‘up to yet, not covering the crown’ of the flower, experts say.

The water depth should not exceed 24″ and no less than 12”.

Do not put lilies in the way of a waterfall nor a water fountain. Lilies love ponds, also called “still water.”


Water Hyacinth

Best Plants For A Pond

The addition of aesthetic touch to your garden pond, having a Water Hyacinth floating pond plant is ideal for water gardens and ponds.

The colors are vibrant. The lavender-blue flowers have round leaves and if taken care of may grow and spread all across your pond’s water surface.

Shade with coverage for the habitat underneath is a purpose for this water garden beauty!

In fact, the roots, being that their long and spawn all over the place help fish choose a nesting place for their small baby fish.


Blue Water Lily

Best Plants For A Pond


The blue water lily is known to be one of the most vibrant of all three common water lilies.

On the other hand, they will grow out of control if not maintained. Additionally, the blue water lily or the invasive species we all come to love because of its color, it can literally take over your small or large pond.

Also called the Nymphaea, this particular day bloomer has the tendency to surround the bottom of itself with its never-ending roots.

While its crown rises above water, the stems and roots are considered oblivious to all from underneath in the pond.

The non-living “birth plant” can take over its underwater surroundings.

The leaves roll out which also gives the aquatic life a strong sense of security.

These can spread from about 0.9 to 1.8 m.

With it’s 4-5 sprawling sepals, they look like stars. Another interesting fact about the blue lily or lotus is that they’ve been linked to Thailand and are considered the garden flower which has long been valued in ponds of Asia and Australia.

SOLUTION: One way to control this is basically trimming periodically. In the wild, it can survive a couple of years.


White Water Lily

Best Plants For A Pond


The white-water lily has a fresh beautiful scent to them compared to its counterparts (ie. red, blue lily). White water lilies are great for large water ponds since they grow fast. A great attribute of the white-water lily is the food source it gives to aquatic life in ponds.

They also improve the water quality for ponds. Researchers (Hebrew University of Jerusalem) found that they help “soak …potentially harmful heavy metals in the water.”



Best Plants For A Pond

The hornwort plant, also called Coon Tail, doesn’t rise up to the pond’s surface.

In fact, it is rootless and lies beneath the pond. If you have koi fish, these plants are ideal for them.

They actually look like a raccoon’s tail; hence, ‘coon tail’.

Another fact about this plant in a garden pond is that it has narrow leaves which help the fish feed off of.

Thus, the main reason it’s a great plant for small ponds is because of the oxygenation it gives off.

It can survive any weather conditions.

Typically, it does release a specific chemical that helps prevent pond algae.

This is the most common reason for its utilization in garden ponds.

Additionally, because of the submersion, it is known to have, it typically does grow in the calmest of waters such as slow-motion streams or ponds.

The leaves can grow up to 2mm. Since they are known to grow in freshwater and cold water, they are typically used in these types of ponds.

They’re also bright green and help with protecting fish as well. Especially newly hatched babies.

The simplest way to take care of these plants in the ponds is by pruning them regularly.



Best Plants For A Pond

Also called eelgrass, Vallisneria spreads in freshwater quickly.

They can survive in moderate climate areas. The species does grow in freshwater, small or large, ponds.

In fact, they have better growth spurts in “lentic and lotic” water which can be at least 1 m in depth.

They also form into thick vegetation underwater with the least amount of maintenance.

In other words, they can take care of themselves.

This plant does take time to grow. Although, soon enough, it can begin to grow steadfastly.

Thus, it propagates can grow fast; with a bud being at each end, a plant does develop.



Best Plants For A Pond


Another plant that has been common to plant amongst pond developers is the horsetail plant. This plant is known for its’ slender “asparagus” look-likes.

It grows hardy and doesn’t have any leaves although it’s considerably known as a “reed-type” plant. Horsetail can grow as long as 4 feet tall.

It doesn’t need shade since they do not grow leaves and it survives on chlorophyll for food. It, too, doesn’t react to temperature changes.

An adaptable plant that grows even though a pond is “waterlogged.”

In fact, this is a great reason to have plants like this in or around a pond. They are considerably known as “pond grass” within the pond communities or water garden hobbyists.



Also known as the “Brazilian waterweed” it grows in almost any type of weather condition.

It’s great for ponds, small or large. Anacharis plants are one of the invasive plants which are also restricted in some states.


Best Plants For A Pond


On the other hand, their leaves are “fern-like” and they emerge give so much oxygen while also being part of a great number of natural resources for the pond’s habitat.

Hence, it makes the pond that much more vigor. The pond also uses nitrogen from this aquatic plant life as it’s submerged in the pond.

It also acts as a fertilizer and while the pond benefits it has been one of the only plants known in the community of pond lovers to attract fish and turtles by way of its leaves.

Nevertheless, since the Anacharis are considered “oxygenating grasses” as well, this plant is one of the top species for pond developers.

They’re great for helping with the habitat of the pond.

In general, they’re nice looking when they’re beside other plants that are actually colorful and vibrant.

Pond keepers are beneficial for those who transport the carbon dioxide and the ways of oxygenation to the pond. The grasses do provide a very useful function. In fact, they’re decorative and can help with pest-algae.


How To Grow Pond Plants (Secret Tips)

Lastly, plants in a garden pond are just about to enhance the beauty of your pond.

It’s best to have a mixture of various types of seasonal plants.

This is for the case of each season having a thriving floral arising from the pond.

Another method of keeping your pond alive and well is to trim off any leaning leaves stems or foliage out.

This can be done by clipping a deteriorating plant life. In other words, it’s considered algae-fuel.

Another element is to keep everything freshly clean that is around your pond. You can use a pond skimmer that prevents leaves and other debris from collecting at the bottom of your pond.

This means having space in between specific potted plants help all of the plant life.

With this in mind, filters which circulate water into your pond can help tremendously.

The natural abilities of plant life are to keep sediments entrapped while also getting the nutrients, vitamins and the protection the pond needs.

With the foliage a pond has to undergo, specific plants are mother’s nature’s gift.

Besides being the most amazing and colorful looking natural resource for people and aquatic life, they are really an asset to all plant and pond lovers.

Consequently, the reduction of the algae in ponds is a major key to keep a natural pond thriving.

The improvement of the water also helps keep the pond life invigorated. In fact, they are part of improving the air and water quality that surround the pond and its environment.

Hence, do not forget that plants help secure a safety barrier for aquatic life too.

Nonetheless, pond plants are truly a great way to show off your “green thumb” or at least show off how much you care for your home.

With landscaping so popular today homeowners, it’s considered an asset to those who take pride in their home or business property.

Keeping your landscape well managed with plants, foliage, garden ponds, and animal life such as aquatic life, is a blessing.